How to prevent heart attack and stroke?
Heart attack, stroke and other heart diseases can be a threat to many women, especially if you are above 40 years. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, heart disease is ranked as number one cause of death among women in the US, and stroke at number 3. But following a healthy lifestyle can prevent heart attack and stroke. Read on…
Avoid eating greasy and unhealthy food as it can affect your arteries, blood pressure level, glucose level to name a few. You don’t have to be on a special diet, ensure that you eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, fat free dairy products, beans, nuts, lean meat and fish. Avoid using too much salt and sugar in your food. If you like drinking alcohol, drink in moderation.
With waistlines increasing and lifestyle diseases on a rise, there are different exercises that are getting popular. You can go for power yoga, Zumba classes, or aerobic classes. Select an activity that you like.
Know your numbers
Get yearly check-up done for blood pressure, cholesterol levels (check HDL, LDL, triglycerides count) and blood sugar level. Doing such tests will help keep a tab on your overall health. These numbers will tell you how you need to protect your heart. Go for screening tests and vaccinations, if necessary.
Stress, depression, insomnia, anxiety can lead to heart attack and stroke. Whether you have a pile of work to complete or running late for your daily errands, getting a good sleep is important. Ensure you get enough Zzzzz to keep yourself refreshed the next day. To keep stress under control, catch up with your friends, family members or listen to music that will help you relax. If you are undergoing emotional problems, depression or anxiety, then seek help from a doctor or a counselor.
Menopause hormone therapy (MHT)
Once you hit menopause, the ovaries stop producing estrogen which can lead to heart diseases. Many women take MHT thinking that it can lower the risk but certain studies have confirmed that it does not do so. MHT is helpful when a woman is undergoing menopause and prevents bone loss. Use a low dose of MHT, if required.
According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, women between the age group of 55 to 79 can take aspirin to prevent the risk of ischemic stroke. But check with your doctor before you start taking aspirin on a daily basis. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and get a medical check-up done on a regular basis if you are above 40 years to prevent heart attack and stroke.